Manuel Genswein’s approach to avalanche rescue is all about time.

He compares the overall process to landing a plane – evoke your skills and attention to detail as you get closer to the buried subject, and slow down as you grow near the subject, like a plane slowing down to land.

The process is broken down into five key parts, with three essential pieces of gear.

The transceiver

1) The signal search is to locate the signal being transmitted by the buried subject’s transceiver.

2) The course search begins when the signal has been picked up and is tracked to a specific location.

3) The fine search begins when the lowest reading of signal transmission can be determined

The probe

4) The pinpoint search begins by probing the snow to make contact with the buried subject

The shovel

5) The excavation of the buried subject from the snow.

“You need to be mentally prepared on what to do,” Genswein says. “Which means you need to repeat the training so you build up some routine. This is really the key to success.”